HTML5 is the latest version of the HyperText Markup Language, which is the standard language for creating web pages and web applications. HTML5 introduces new features and elements that make web development easier and more powerful. Some of these features include:
Canvas: a graphical element that allows you to draw and manipulate images and graphics on the web page.
Video and audio: elements that allow you to embed and play multimedia content on the web page.
Geolocation: an API that allows you to access the user's location information.
Web storage: an API that allows you to store data locally on the user's browser.
Web workers: an API that allows you to run background tasks without blocking the main thread.
A web page with a canvas element and a button element.
A QR code reader library that can decode QR codes from images.
A camera access library that can access the user's camera and stream video to the canvas element.
The basic steps are as follows:
Load the QR code reader library and the camera access library in your web page.
Create a canvas element and a button element in your HTML code.
Add an event listener to the button element that will trigger the camera access function.
Create a function that will access the user's camera and stream video to the canvas element using the camera access library.
Create a function that will scan the canvas element for QR codes using the QR code reader library.
If a QR code is detected, display the decoded information on the web page or perform any other action you want.
react-webcam: a React component that can access the user's camera and stream video to a canvas element.
You can also use any other libraries that have similar functionality. The code below is based on the examples provided by the libraries.
First, we need to install the libraries using npm:
npm install jsqr react-webcam
import jsQR from \"jsqr\";import Webcam from \"react-webcam\";
Next, we need to create a React component that will render the canvas element and the button element:
import React, useRef, useState from \"react\";import jsQR from \"jsqr\";import Webcam from \"react-webcam\";const QRScanner = () => const webcamRef = useRef(null); const [qrCode, setQRCode] = useState(null); const scanQRCode = () => // Get the video stream from the webcam const video = webcamRef.current.video; // Get the canvas context const canvas = webcamRef.current.getCanvas(); const ctx = canvas.getContext(\"2d\"); // Draw the video frame on the canvas ctx.drawImage(video, 0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height); // Get the image data from the canvas const imageData = ctx.getImageData(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height); // Decode the QR code from the image data const code = jsQR(imageData.data, imageData.width, imageData.height); // If a QR code is detected, set the state if (code) setQRCode(code.data); else setQRCode(null); ; return ( ref=webcamRef audio=false width=300 height=300 screenshotFormat=\"image/jpeg\" /> Scan QR Code qrCode && QR Code: qrCode );;export default QRScanner;
Finally, we need to render the QRScanner component in our web page:
import React from \"react\";import ReactDOM from \"react-dom\";import QRScanner from \"./QRScanner\";ReactDOM.render(, document.getElementById(\"root\"));
Testing the Code
npm install -g serve
Then, navigate to the folder where you have your files and run:
This will start a server on port 5000 by default. You can access your web page by opening http://localhost:5000 in your browser.
To test the QR code scanning functionality, you will need a QR code image that you can display on another device or print out. You can use any online QR code generator to create one. For example, you can use QR Code Monkey to create a QR code with some text or a URL.
Once you have your QR code image, hold it in front of your camera and click the Scan QR Code button on your web page. If everything works correctly, you should see the decoded information displayed on your web page.